By N. J. Mackintosh (Eds.)
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Additional info for Animal Learning and Cognition
O x f o r d : C l a r e n d o n Press. , & Pearce, J. M . (1979). Latent inhibition of a C S d u r i n g C S - U S pnrings. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 5, 3 1 - 4 2 . H e t h , C . D . (1976). Simultaneous and b a c k w a r d fear conditioning as a function of n u m b e r of C S - U S pairings. JöMmd/ of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 2, 1 1 7 - 1 2 9 . H o n e y , R. C , & Hall, G. (1991). Acquired equivalence and distinctiveness o f cues using a sensory-preconditioning procedure.
In D . E. Blackman & H . ), Behaviour analysis in theory and practice (pp. 159-180). Hillsdale, NJ: E r l b a u m . Hall, G. (1991). Perceptual and associative learning. O x f o r d : C l a r e n d o n Press. , & Pearce, J. M . (1979). Latent inhibition of a C S d u r i n g C S - U S pnrings. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 5, 3 1 - 4 2 . H e t h , C . D . (1976). Simultaneous and b a c k w a r d fear conditioning as a function of n u m b e r of C S - U S pairings.
JoMWij/ of Experimental Psychology, 16, 171-180. Warren, H . C . (1921). A history of the association psychology. L o n d o n : Constable. C H A P T E R Instrumental Conditioning Anthony Dickinson I. I N T R O D U C T I O N Instrumental behavior refers to those actions whose acquisition and mainte nance depend on their consequences for the animal or, in others words, on the fact that the action is instrumental in causing some outcome. T h e func tional significance of the capacity for instrumental action is so obvious as to require little comment; it is this capacity that allows us and other animals to learn to control our environment in the service of our needs and desires.