By Taner Edis

Present discussions within the West at the relation of technology and faith concentration mostly on science's uneasy dating with the conventional Judeo-Christian view of existence. yet a parallel controversy exists within the Muslim international relating to how one can combine technology with Islam. As physicist Taner Edis indicates during this attention-grabbing glimpse into modern Muslim tradition, a great deal of well known writing in Muslim societies makes an attempt to deal with such confusing questions as: Is Islam a "scientific religion"? have been the discoveries of contemporary technological know-how foreshadowed within the Quran? Are clever layout conjectures extra beautiful to the Muslim standpoint than Darwinian reasons? Edis examines the variety of Muslim considering technology and Islam, from blatantly pseudoscientific fantasies to relatively subtle efforts to "Islamize science". From the world's most powerful creationist routine to weird and wonderful science-in-the-Quran apologetics, well known Muslim methods advertise a view of common technology as a trifling fact-collecting job that coexists in near-perfect concord with literal-minded religion. on account that Muslims are keenly acutely aware that technological know-how and know-how were the keys to Western luck, they're desirous to harness expertise to accomplish a Muslim model of modernity. but even as, they're reluctant to permit technology to develop into self reliant of faith and are suspicious of Western secularisation. Edis examines all of those conflicting traits, revealing the problems dealing with Muslim societies attempting to adapt to the trendy technological global. His discussions of either the parallels and the diversities among Western and Muslim makes an attempt to harmonise technology and faith make for a distinct and fascinating contribution to this carrying on with debate.

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Muslims had a particular advantage in matters of knowledge and scholarship. Christianity had taken over the Roman Empire, but as the empire disintegrated, Western Christendom’s institutional structure for education and scholarship had also collapsed outside of the monasteries. Western Europe lost most of its knowledge of the philosophy and science of pagan antiquity. Islam, in contrast, made better use of pagan intellectual resources when it formed its own empire. Muslim elites appropriated knowledge from different sources, from Greek philosophy to Indian mathematics.

Turkey, for example, used to import just about any product that was highly technological. Today, Turkey is a significant manufacturer of automobiles, appliances, and household electronics. But this is an artifact of multinational corporations seeking cheap labor. Turkish workers assemble the parts, but the engineers who design the finished product are based in Europe. 9 Muslims are quite aware of the problem. For example, prominent Egyptian Islamists urge their compatriots to do more of the critical work needed for development, observing that compared to Arabs, on a per capita basis, Israel has ten times the number of scientists, thirty times the money to spend on research and development, and seventy times the number of scientific publications.

Often used to refer to the divinely imposed order of the universe. Sharia: Islamic law. Used narrowly, sharia means a recognized body of legal rulings and religious practices. More broadly, it can stand for the whole legal and ritual framework of traditional Islam. Shiite: The minority branch of Islam, claiming the allegiance of about 10 percent of Muslims worldwide. Shiites are the majority in Iran and Iraq. Sufism: A term standing for a variety of mystical and ascetic currents within Islam. Although some forms of Sufism emphasize a mystical experience of divine love to the extent of downplaying the importance of the sharia, most Sufi orders are more orthodox.

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