By L. R. Poos
A Rural Society after the Black loss of life is a examine of rural social constitution within the English county of Essex among 1350 and 1500. It seeks to appreciate how, within the inhabitants cave in after the Black loss of life (1348-1349), a selected monetary surroundings affected usual people's lives within the parts of migration, marriage and employment, and likewise contributed to styles of non secular nonconformity, agrarian riots and unrest, or even rural housing. The interval lower than scrutiny is usually visible as a transitional period among 'medieval' and 'early-modern' England, yet within the gentle of contemporary advances in English historic demography, this examine means that there has been extra continuity than swap in a few severely very important facets of social constitution within the quarter in query. one of the most crucial contributions of the publication are its use of an unprecedentedly wide selection of unique manuscript files (estate and manorial files, taxation and criminal-court files, royal tenurial documents, and the files of church courts, wills etc.) and its program of present quantitative and comparative demographic tools.
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Extra info for A Rural Society after the Black Death: Essex 1350-1525
5, 22 E d w . IV c. 1; p r i n t e d i n Statutes of the realm vol. i, p . 380; vol. ii, p p . 399-401, 468-70. 32 The only source yielding anything like a systematic impression of the relative size of these three occupational groupings in late-medieval Essex is the returns from the 1381 poll-tax collection. This means that at only one fixed point during the later middle ages can even an approximate occupational composition be glimpsed; significant later changes in this composition are conceivable, but unlikely to have altered things entirely.
7 per cent). The possible error factor caused by this is undoubtedly less significant than that caused by differential tendencies to pay this tax in the first place; for further discussion see Appendix A. 3. 7%) 1,695 110 76 53 45 2 7 21 53 Note: Townships whose returns entirely lack occupational data are omitted from this tabulation. Number of townships represented from each hundred: Chelmsford 12, Dunmow 13, Hinckford 45. 308. contemporaries regarded them primarily in these terms; a similarly small proportion of tenants in the Essex rentals of the period possessed more than 10 or 15 acres of arable land.
32 (High Easter rental, 1328): ' . . quamdam placeam unius curtilagie ... quoddam angulum apud Hobbetranebredg . . '; BL Cotton Ch. 5 (Great Waltham rental, 1328): ' . . '. As noted below (Chapter 4), tenementum in north-central Essex usually denoted a messuage-site, plus outbuildings and attached gardens, though this probably cannot be presumed in all cases, so property described as such has also been classified 'unquantifiable' here. 2 all permit larger standardised holdings like virgates to be expressed in acreages, thus further making it likely that these 'unquantifiable' units are mostly small.