By U Khin Win

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Since the delta had Table 4. Periodic increase in rice area in lower and upper Burma, 1880-1930 (Grant 1939). 186 a No record for Upper Burma. b 1919 and 1921 taken as 1920. RICE PRODUCTION UNDER THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT 19 these favorable conditions, the highest possible yield could be expected there. The high variation in yield in Upper Burma was due to the fact that some areas had irrigation while others received scanty rainfall. The Department of Settlement and Land Records (DSLR), through season and crop reports, started recording national average yield data in 1913.

Small area increases took place in Upper Burma in some marginal lands and irrigated areas whenever supplementary water was provided. In the earlier period, significant area expansion in Lower Burma was concentrated in the Upper Delta, but in time it moved down to the tidal swamps. The government constructed embankments in these areas to prevent flooding and encroachment of saline water. As available land became limited, expansion of area entailed more expense. The problem of wild animals prowling newly cleared land was compounded by malaria, dysentery, and other diseases.

7 t/ha (Grant 1939). During this time, rice yield depended on the fertility of the land and the amount and distribution of rainfall in a particular area. Since the delta had Table 4. Periodic increase in rice area in lower and upper Burma, 1880-1930 (Grant 1939). 186 a No record for Upper Burma. b 1919 and 1921 taken as 1920. RICE PRODUCTION UNDER THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT 19 these favorable conditions, the highest possible yield could be expected there. The high variation in yield in Upper Burma was due to the fact that some areas had irrigation while others received scanty rainfall.

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